COUNTRIES: Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka

The Baluch are part of a larger population of the Baloch people cluster. The Eastern Baluch live in parts that stretch from eastern Baluchistan to southwestern Punjab. Some Baluch have traced their heritage to Nimrod, son of Cush. History tells us that they moved to the region in the 12th century and during the Moghul period, this territory became known as "Baluchistan."

Today, the Baluch traditionally earn their living by farming and semi-nomadic shepherding. The climate they traverse is harsh, however, farmers creatively utilize every part of their crop to make a sustainable living. For example, a wild plant they harvest called the "dwarf palm" is used as a food and dietary supplement but is also used to make goods like ropes, shoes, mats, spoons, tents, and pipes.

Baluch marriage customs have the arrangement of marriages agreed between a bride's father and the prospective groom. A dowry called a "bride price" is paid in cahs and livestock. Marriages are monogamous and lifelong and marrying that outside of the Baluch culture is forbidden. The Baluch live by an honor code called Maluchmayar; principles include extending hospitality, mercy, honesty, and offering refuge to strangers. These traditions are passed down through poems and songs. Since many Baluch are illiterate, their language has been passed down through a long tradition of poetic compositions.

The Baluch are Sunni Muslims but their religious practices remain private. Secular authority and the spiritual authority of religious leaders are kept separate. Due to their isolation in harsh climates, there is difficulty in communicating with the Baluch. The governments of Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan all have a share in Baluchistan's welfare.

Partnership // Move Beyond

Please spend a few minutes in prayer for the following:

  • Pray that the Baluch people will have the chance to hear a clear presentation of the gospel and that the Holy Spirit will stir in their hearts a desire for holiness.
  • Ask God to use believers in surrounding areas to bring the gospel and start planting churches to reach the Baluch.
  • Ask the Lord to call people who are ready and willing to go to Pakistan, India, and Sri Lanka to share the message of Jesus Christ with Muslim UPGs.